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Richard T Haasch

Richard T Haasch
Richard T Haasch
Senior Research Scientist
(217) 244-2967
302 Seitz Materials Research Lab


  • 1989 University of Minnesota Analytical Chemistry Ph.D.
  • 1982 Marquette University Chemistry B.S.

Academic Positions

  • 2012 Senior Research Scientist, Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL
  • 1993 Spectroscopist, Center for Microanalysis of Materials, Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL
  • 1991 Research Associate, Center for Microanalysis of Materials, Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL
  • 1989 Postdoctoral Research Associate, Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

Other Professional Activities

  • Referee, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Applied Surface Science, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Journal of Physical Chemistry, Journal of Power Sources, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, Langmuir, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Materials & Design, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Surface and Coatings Technology, Surface Science Spectra, Thin Solid Films, and Vacuum.
  • Member, AVS Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing, 1983-present.
  • Secretary, AVS Applied Surface Science Division, 2009-present.
  • Director, AVS Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing, 2018-2019.
  • Editor, AVS Publication Surface Science Spectra: An international journal and database devoted to archiving spectra from surfaces and interfaces, 2010-present.
  • Editor-in-chief, AVS Publication Surface Science Spectra: An international journal and database devoted to archiving spectra from surfaces and interfaces, 2021-present.

Research Statement

My research interests involve the use of surface sensitive spectroscopies such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger photoelectron spectroscopy (AES), and ultra-violet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) to study the chemical and electronic properties of material surfaces and interfaces. Current topics include the investigation of materials for electronics and energy conversion/storage applications.

Chapters in Books

  • R. T. Haasch, “X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES),” in Practical Materials Characterization, M. Sardela, ed., (Springer Science + Business Media, New York, 2014). ISBN 978-1-4614-9280-1. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-9281-8_3.
  • Z. Zhou, J. Park, J. E. Indacochea, R. W. Staehle, S. Hwang, N. Finnegan, and R. Haasch, “Effect of Lead on Passivation of Alloy 600 Surface,” in Passivation of Metals and Semiconductors, and Properties of Thin Oxide Layers, P. Marcus and V. Maurice, eds., 425-430 (Elsevier Science, 2006). ISBN: 978-044452224-5. doi:10.1016/B978-044452224-5/50067-6.
  • W. L. Gladfelter, D. C. Boyd, J.- W. Hwang, R. T. Haasch, R. K. Schulze, J. F. Evans, K.- L. Ho K. F. Jensen, “Organometallic chemical vapor deposition of aluminum nitride and aluminum metal,” in Metal-Metal Bonds and Clusters in Chemistry and Catalysis, J.P. Fackler, ed., 215-230 (Springer Science + Business Media, New York, 1990). ISBN: 978-1-4899-2492-6 (eBook). doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-2492-6.

Selected Articles in Journals

  • M. A. Philip, R. T. Haasch, J. Kim, J. Yang, R. Yang, I. Kochetkov, L. F. Nazar, A. A. Gewirth, “Enabling High Capacity and Coulombic Efficiency for Li-NCM811 Cells Using a Solvate Electrolyte,” Batteries & Supercaps, Accepted (2020). doi:10.1002/batt.202000192.
  • R. T. Haasch, S. E. Trask, M. F.T. Rodrigues D. P. Abraham, “Si powders and electrodes for high-energy lithium-ion cells,” Surf. Sci. Spectra, 27, 016801 (2020). doi:10.1116/1.5130764.
  • K. Zhang, M. Surana, R. T. Haasch, S. Tawfick, “Elastic Modulus Scaling in Graphene-Metal Nanocomposites, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 53, 185305 (2020). doi:10.1088/1361-6463/ab7329.
  • K. E. Madsen, K. A. Wade, R. T. Haasch, D. B. Buchholz, K. L. Bassett, B. G. Nicolau, A. A. Gewirth, “Origin of Enhanced Cyclability in Covalently Modified LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 Cathodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 11(43), 39890 (2019). doi:10.1021/acsami.9b12912.
  • A. B. Mei, L. Miao, M. J. Wahila, G. Khalsa, Z. Wang, M. Barone, N. J. Schreiber, L. E. Noskin, H. Paik, T. E. Tiwald, Q. Zheng, R. T. Haasch, D. G. Sangiovanni, L. F. J. Piper, D. G. Schlom, “Adsorption-Controlled Growth and Properties of Epitaxial SnO Films,” Phys. Rev. Mater., 3, 105202 (2019). doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.105202.
  • S. M. R. Razavi, J. Oh, R. T. Haasch, K. Kim, M. Masoomi, R. Bagheri, J. M. Slauch, N. Miljkovic, “Environment-Friendly Anti-Biofouling Superhydrophobic Coatings,” ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 7(17), 14509 (2019). doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b02025.
  • I. Srivastava, J. S. Khamo, S. Pandit, P. Fathi, X. Huang, A. Cao, R. T. Haasch, S. Nie, K. Zhang, D. Pan, "Influence of Electron Acceptor and Electron Donor on the Photophysical Properties of Carbon Dots: A Comparative Investigation at the Bulk-State and Single-Particle Level,” Adv. Funct. Mater., 1902466 (2019). doi:10.1002/adfm.201902466.
  • R. T. Haasch, S. E. Trask, D. P. Abraham, “Lithium-bearing oxides for rechargeable Li-ion batteries,” Surf. Sci. Spectra, 26, 014002 (2019). doi:10.1116/1.5080232.
  • M. A. Jackson, N. P. J. Price, J. A. Blackburn, S. C. Peterson, J. A. Kenar, R. T. Haasch, C. Chen, “Partial Hydrodeoxygenation of corn cob hydrolysate over palladium catalysts to produce 1-hydroxy-2-pentanone,” Appl. Catal., A, 577, 52 (2019). doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2019.03.019.
  • D. R. Baer, K. Artyushkova, C. R. Brundle, J. E. Castle, M. H. Engelhard, K. J. Gaskell, J. T. Grant, R. T. Haasch, M. R. Linford, C. J. Powell, P. M. A. Sherwood, V. S. Smentkowski, “Practical guides for X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy: Initial Questions,” J. Vac. Sci. and Technol. A., 37, 031401 (2019). doi:10.1116/1.5065501.
  • D. Estrada, Z. Li, G.-M. Choi, S. N. Dunham, A. Y. Serov, J. Lee, Y. Meng, F. Lian, N. C. Wang, A. Perez, R. T. Haasch, J.-M. Zuo, W. P. King, J. A. Rogers, D. G. Cahill, E. Pop, “Thermal Transport in Layer-by-Layer Assembled Polycrystalline Graphene Films,” npj 2D Materials and Applications, 3, 10 (2019). doi:10.1038/s41699-019-0092-8.
  • L. Sang, K. L. Bassett, F. C. Castro, M. J. Young, L. Chen, R. T. Haasch, J. W. Elam, V. Dravid, R. G. Nuzzo, A. A. Gewirth, “Understanding the Effect of Interlayers at the Thiophosphate Solid Electrolyte/Lithium Interface for All-Solid-State Li Batteries,” Chem. Mater., 30(24), 8747, (2018). doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b02368.
  • C.-Y. Tang, L. Feng, R. T. Haasch, S. J. Dillon, "Surface redox on Li[Ni1/3Mn1/3Co1/3]O2 characterized by in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and in situ Auger electron spectroscopy," Electrochim. Acta., 277, 197 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2018.04.199.
  • J. A. Varnell, J. S. Sotiropoulos, T. M. Brown, K. Subedi, R. T. Haasch, C. E. Schulz, A. A. Gewirth, "Revealing the role of the metal in non-precious metal catalysts for oxygen reduction via oxidative removal of Fe," ACS Energy Lett., 3, 823 (2018). doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00144.
  • B. G. Nicolau, A. L. Petronico, K. Letchwort-Weaver, Y. Ghadar, R. T. Haasch, J. A. N. T. Soares, R. T. Rooney, M. K. Y. Chan, A. A. Gewirth, R. G. Nuzzo, “Controlling Interfacial Properties of Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes with Alkylphosphonate Self-Assembled Monolayers,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces, 5, 1701292 (2018). doi:10.1002/admi.201701292.
  • J. C. Icaza, R. T. Haasch, Ramesh K. Gudurua, "Effect of ion size and charge density on the electrochemical characteristics of α-MoO3 using aqueous Be2+ and Mg2+ sulfate electrolytes," J. Alloys Compd., 740, 88 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.12.377.
  • M. A. Jackson, M. G. White, R. T. Haasch, S. C. Peterson, J. A. Blackburn, “Hydrogenation of Furfural at the Dynamic Cu surface of CuOCeO2/Al2O3 in a Vapor Phase Packed Bed Reactor,” Molecular Catalysis, 445, 124 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.mcat.2017.11.023.
  • C.-Y. Tang, Y. Ma, R. T. Haasch, J.-H. Ouyang, S. J. Dillon, “Insights Into Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Induced Li-Ion Degradation from in situ Auger Electron Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 8, 6226 (2017). doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02847.
  • S. M. R. Razavi, J. Oh, S. Sett, L. Feng, X. Yan, M. J. Hoque, A. Liu, R. T. Haasch, M. Masoomi, R. Bagheri, N. Miljkovic, “Superhydrophobic Surfaces Made From Naturally Derived Hydrophobic Materials,” ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 5(12), 11362 (2017). doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02424.
  • M. Shin, H.-L. Wu, B. Narayanan, K. A. See, R. S. Assary, L. Zhu, R. T. Haasch, S. Zhang, Z. Zhang, L. A. Curtiss, A. A. Gewirth, “The effect of the hydrofluoroether cosolvent structure in acetonitrile-based solvate electrolytes on Li+ solvation structure and Li‒S battery performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 9(45), 39357 (2017). doi:10.1021/acsami.7b11566.
  • K. Kalaga, I. A. Shkrob, R. T. Haasch, C. Peebles, J. Bareño, D. P. Abraham, “Auger Electrons as Probes for Composite Micro- and Nano- structured Materials: Application to Solid Electrolyte Interphases in Graphite and Silicon-Graphite Electrodes,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 121(42), 23333 (2017). doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b08279.
  • H.-L. Wu, R. T. Haasch, B. P. Robert, C. A. Apblett, A. A. Gewirth, “The Effect of Water-containing Electrolyte on Lithium-Sulfur Batteries,” J. Power Sources, 369C, 50 (2017). doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.09.044.
  • D. E. Barlaz, R. T. Haasch, E. G. Seebauer, “Epitaxial SrRuO3/SrTiO3(100) analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. Spectra, 24, 024002 (2017). doi:10.1116/1.4999599.
  • C.-Y. Tang, K. Leung, R. T. Haasch, S. J. Dillon, “LiMn2O4 surface chemistry evolution during cycling revealed by in situ Auger Electron Spectroscopy and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 9(30), 33968 (2017). doi:10.1021/acsami.7b10442.
  • M. C. Wang, W. Moestopo, S. Takekuma, S. Farabi, R. T. Haasch, S.-W. Nam, “Sustainable approach for large area transfer of graphene and recycle of the catalyst substrate,” J. Mater. Chem. C, 5, 11226 (2017). doi:10.1039/c7tc02487h.
  • I. A. Shkrob, J. Gilbert, P. J. Phillips, R. Klie, R. T. Haasch, D. P. Abraham, “Chemical weathering of layered Ni-rich oxide electrode materials: evidence for cation exchange,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 164(7), A1489 (2017). doi:10.1149/2.0861707jes.
  • L. Sang, R. T. Haasch, A. A. Gewirth, R. G. Nuzzo, “Evolution at the Solid Electrolyte/Au Electrode Interface during Lithium Deposition and Stripping,” Chem. Mater., 29(7), 3029 (2017). doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00034.
  • S. Ma, M. Sadakiyo, M. Heima, R. Luo, R. T. Haasch, J. Gold, M. Yamauchi, P. Kenis, “Electroreduction of Carbon Dioxide to Hydrocarbons Using Bimetallic Cu-Pd Catalysts with Different Mixing Patterns,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 139(1), 47 (2017). doi:10.1021/jacs.6b10740.
  • R. T. Haasch, D. P. Abraham, “Introduction to a series of LiNi0.8Co0.2O2-based high-power lithium-ion battery positive electrodes analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. Spectra, 23, 112 (2016). doi:10.1063/1.4973401.
  • C.-Y. Tang, R. T. Haasch, S. J. Dillon, “In situ X-ray Photoelectron and Auger Electron Spectroscopic Characterization of Reaction Mechanisms during Li-ion Cycling,” Chem. Commun., 52, 13257 (2016). doi:10.1039/C6CC08176B.
  • I. S. Kim, R. T. Haasch, D. H. Cao, J. T. Hupp, M. G. Kanatzidis, A. B. F. Martinson, “Amorphous ALD TiO2 Compact Layers for Planar Perovskite Halide Solar Cells,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8(37), 24310 (2016). doi:10.1021/acsami.6b07658.
  • A. B. Mei, R. T. Haasch, A. Rockett, L. Hultman, I. Petrov, J. E. Greene, “Growth, Optical, and Electronic Transport Properties of Epitaxial VNx/MgO(001) (0.80 ˂ x ˂ 1.00) Layers Deposited by Reactive Magnetron Sputtering,” J. Mater. Chem. C, 4, 7924 (2016). doi:10.1039/c6tc02289h.
  • J. A. Varnell, E. C. M. Tse, C. E. Schulz, T. T. Fister, R. T. Haasch, J. Timoshenko, A. I. Frenkel, A. A. Gewirth, "Identification of iron nanoparticles as active species for oxygen reduction in non-precious metal catalysts," Nature Comm., 7, 12582 (2016). doi:10.1038/ncomms12582.
  • N. Hellgren, R. T. Haasch, S. Schmidt, L. Hultman, I. Petrov, “Interpretation of X-ray Photoelectron Spectra of Carbon-Nitride Compounds: New Insights from in situ XPS,” Carbon, 108, 242 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.07.017.
  • M. Asadi, K. Kim, C. Liu, V. Aditya Addepalli, P. Phillips, P. Abbasi, A. Behranginia, P. Yasaei, R. Haasch, P. Zapol, B. Kumar, R. F. Klie, J. Abiade, L. A. Curtiss, A. Salehi-Khojin, “Nanostructured transition metal dichalcogenide electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction in ionic liquid,” Science, 253, 467 (2016). doi:10.1126/science.aaf4767.
  • A. Ashraf, Y. Wu, M. C. Wang, K. H. Yong, T. Sun, Y. Jing, R. T. Haasch, N. R. Aluru, S. Nam, “Doping-Induced Tunable Wettability and Adhesion of Graphene,” Nano Lett., 16(7), 4708 (2016). doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02228.
  • S. Babar, A. U. Mane, A. Yanguas-Gil, E. Mohimi, R. T. Haasch, J. W. Elam, " W:Al2O3 nanocomposite thin films with tunable optical properties prepared by atomic layer deposition," J. Phys. Chem. C, 120(27), 252 (2016). doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b03823.
  • J. C. Koepke, J. D. Wood, Y. Chen, S. W. Schmucker, X. Liu, N. N. Chang, L. Nienhaus, J.-W. Do, E. A. Carrion, J. Hewaparakrama, A. Rangarajan, I. Datye, R. Mehta, R. T. Haasch, M. Gruebele, G. S. Girolami, E. Pop, and J. W. Lyding, “Role of Pressure in the Growth of Hexagonal Boron Nitride Thin Films from Ammonia-Borane,” Chem. Mater, 28(12), 4169 (2016). doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b00396.
  • R. F. McCarthy, M. S. Weimer, R. T. Haasch, R. D. Schaller, A. S. Hock, A. B. F. Martinson, “VxIn(2-x)S3 Intermediate Band Absorbers Deposited by Atomic Layer Deposition,” Chem. Mater., 28(7), 2033 (2016). doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04402.
  • D. J. Wetzel, M. A. Malone, R. T. Haasch, Y. Meng, H. Vieker, N. T. Hahn, A. Golzhauser, J.-M. Zuo, K. R. Zavadil, A. A. Gewirth, R. G. Nuzzo, “Passivation Dynamics in the Anisotropic Deposition and Stripping of Bulk Magnesium Electrodes During Electrochemical Cycling,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7 (33), 18406 (2015). doi:10.1021/acsami.5b04487.
  • D. Nguyen, L. Nienhaus, R. T. Haasch, J. Lyding, M. Gruebele, "Sub-nanometer cooperative glassy dynamics induced by illumination," J. Chem. Phys., 142, 234505 (2015). doi:10.1063/1.4922695.
  • J.-W. Do, N. N. Chang, D. Estrada, F. Lian, H. Cha, X. J. Duan, R. T. Haasch, E. Pop, G. S. Girolami, J. W. Lyding, “Solution-Mediated Selective Nanosoldering of Carbon Nanotube Junctions for Improved Device Performance,” ACS Nano, 9 (5), 4806 (2015). doi:10.1021/nn505552d.
  • J. Chang R. T. Haasch, J. Kim, T. P. Spila, P. V. Braun, A. A. Gewirth, and R. G. Nuzzo, “The Synergetic Role of Li+ during Mg Electrodeposition/Dissolution in Borohydride Diglyme Electrolyte Solution: Voltammetric Stripping Behaviors on a Pt microelectrode Indicative of Mg-Li Alloying and Facilitated Dissolution,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7 (4), 2494 (2015). doi:10.1021/am507375t.
  • J. Wood, G. P. Doidge, E. A. Carrion, J. C. Koepke, J. Kaitz, I. Datye, A. Behnam, J. Hewaparakrama, B. Aruin, Y. Chen, H. Dong, J. A. Kaitz, R. T. Haasch, J. Lyding, E. Pop, “Annealing Free, Clean Graphene Transfer using Alternative Polymer Scaffolds,” Nanotechnology, 26, 055302 (2015). doi:10.1088/0957-4484/26/5/055302.


  • "Acquisition of a High-Resolution, Imaging X-ray Photoelectron Spectrometer for Materials Research-” (1999)